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[Office Occupational Health and Safety] How Do Ergonomic Desks and Chairs Benefit to Office Workplace Health?

by SunSamuel on Nov 27, 2023

【辦公室職安健】人體工學桌椅如何保障辦公室的職場健康? - IFCO Hong Kong

Ergonomics and the Office Environment

Occupational health and safety in the office is a topic that is closely related to ergonomic desks and chairs. Ergonomics is the science of studying the interaction between the human body and the work environment, aiming to improve work efficiency, reduce work-related physical damage and injuries, and promote employee health and comfort. Office desks and chairs are one of the tools that people use for a long time at work. Whether their design conforms to occupational health and safety is of vital importance. Correct ergonomic desk and chair design can help alleviate physical discomfort and injuries caused by long-term work and ergonomic principles. The following are some ergonomic desk and chair design principles to promote occupational health and safety.


What is office ergonomic design?

  1. Seat design:

    A suitable seat should have the function of adjusting the height and tilt angle to ensure that the user's waist and back are well supported. The depth and width of the seat should be sufficient to accommodate the user's body size, and have proper cushioning and ventilation design.
  2. Backrest design:

    The backrest should conform to the natural curve of the human spine, providing good support and backrest. The adjustable backrest height and angle help to adapt to the needs of different users.
  3. Armrest design:

    The armrests can relieve pressure on the arms and shoulders and provide support. The armrests with adjustable height and width can adapt to the needs of different users.
  4. Desktop design:

    The height of the desktop should be able to adapt to the user's height and work needs, ensuring correct working posture and hand position. The size of the desktop should be sufficient to accommodate the items needed for work and provide ample working space.
  5. Keyboard and mouse design:

    The keyboard and mouse should be placed in an ergonomic position to reduce discomfort in the wrists and arms. Using ergonomic keyboards and mice can also reduce muscle fatigue and damage caused by prolonged use.
  6. Correct posture:

    Correct posture is essential for reducing work injuries and improving work efficiency. Ergonomic desks and chairs should be able to support correct sitting posture, including the natural curve of the spine, the posture of the head and neck, and the position of the arms and wrists. By adjusting the height and angle of the desk and chair, the correct alignment of the body can be ensured, reducing unnecessary pressure and stress.
  7. Dynamic work:

    Maintaining a stationary posture for a long time can lead to muscle fatigue and discomfort. Therefore, ergonomic desks and chairs should encourage dynamic work, such as allowing users to adjust the tilt angle of the seat, providing sufficient legroom, and supporting standing work options. In this way, employees can change their posture during the work process, promote blood circulation, and relieve pressure on the body.
  8. Eye protection:

    Staring at a computer screen for a long time can cause eye fatigue and visual problems. Ergonomic desks and chairs should take this into account, such as providing a suitable desktop height, positioning the monitor in a proper position, avoiding reflection and glare, and encouraging employees to take regular eye breaks and exercises.
  9. Comfort and adjustability:

    Ergonomic desks and chairs should provide sufficient comfort and have adjustable functions to adapt to the needs of different users. This includes adjusting the seat height and angle, adjusting the height and angle of the backrest, adjusting the height and width of the armrests, and the option of foot support. In this way, employees can adjust the desk and chair according to their own preferences and physical needs to obtain the best working

What ergonomic products should be equipped in the office?

Some ergonomic products can be used in the office environment to improve the occupational health and safety of the office and the comfort of employees. The following are some recommended ergonomic products:

  1. Ergonomic office chair:

    Ergonomic chairs usually have multiple adjustable parts, such as seat height, seat depth, backrest height and angle, armrest height, etc. These adjustment functions allow users to customize the chair according to their own height, body type and work needs to obtain the best support and posture. The design takes into account the anatomical structure and posture of the human body, and can reduce the adverse effects of sitting for a long time on the body, such as fatigue and discomfort in the neck, back and buttocks.
  2. Sit-stand desk:

    Sit-stand desks allow employees to switch between standing and sitting to reduce the pressure on the body from sitting for a long time. This type of desk can be adjusted in height, allowing employees to choose the working posture that suits them best.
  3. Monitor arm:

    Monitor arms can raise the height and angle of the monitor to make it level with the employee's eyes. This helps to reduce neck and eye fatigue and improve posture.
  4. Footrest:

    Footrests can help employees keep their legs active while sitting, promote blood circulation and reduce leg discomfort. It can provide additional support and comfort, allowing employees to work more easily and comfortably.
  5. Lumbar support and neck pillow:

    These ergonomic products can provide additional support and comfort, helping to maintain proper spinal alignment and neck posture. They can relieve pressure on the lower back and neck, preventing discomfort and pain.
  6. Wrist rest and mouse pad:

    These products can provide soft support, reducing the pressure on the wrists and arms when using the keyboard and mouse for a long time. They help to prevent and relieve muscle fatigue and damage associated with using computer equipment.
  7. Lighting equipment:

    Proper lighting can help adjust the lighting level in the office, reducing eye fatigue and visual problems. By optimizing the lighting environment, employees can better focus their attention and reduce the interference of glare and reflection on vision.

 

Conclusion

In general, occupational health and safety are interdependent with ergonomic desks and chairs. Proper ergonomic desk and chair design can provide a comfortable working environment, reduce work-related physical discomfort and injury risks, and improve work efficiency and productivity. For employers and employees, investing in ergonomic desk and chair designs is an important part of maintaining occupational health and safety. Employers and employees should work together to ensure that occupational health and safety in the office are fully focused on and valued.

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